Mutualism describes a symbiotic relationship in which both involved species benefit from each other. A prime example of such interaction occurs between bees and flowers, as shown by the image above. When a bee alights on a flower, it lands with the full intention of feeding on its nectar. Nectar is used to produce honey, which serves as bee offspring’s food. Unbeknownst to the bee, however, pollen grains from the anthers are picked up by the bee’s furry body. As the bee travels from flower to flower, the pollen grains from each hitch a ride to another flower, thus aiding in plant fertilization. Meanwhile, the flower nectar helps the bee’s reproductive cycle as well, by providing food for the offspring, necessary for survival.


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