Basidiomycetes are part of the phyla Basidiomycota, which, along with the phyla Ascomycota, make up the Dikarya (“higher fungi”) subkingdom of the fungi kingdom. They are the most common type of fungi. Examples of basidiomycetes include mushrooms, puffballs, stinkhorns, and jelly fungi. Most basidiomycetes (other than yeasts) are filamentous and contain hyphae. Collectively, the hyphae are known as mycelium. Basidiomycetes can reproduce asexually, sexually, or both. They reproduce sexually by forming specialized club-shaped cells at their ends called basidia that have external spores (meiospores) called basidiospores.